Key Focus

  • The fundamental cause of that epidemic, our analysis suggests, was not economic fluctuations, but rather the long-term loss of a way of life among white working-class Americans. Notably, deaths of despair were rising before the 2008 financial crisis and Great Recession, when US unemployment rose from 4.5% to 10%, and they continued to rise as unemployment gradually fell to 3.5% in the days before the pandemic
  • Between rising "deaths of despair" among working-class whites and higher COVID-19 mortality rates among African-Americans, the stunning secular decline in US life expectancy will continue.


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High Level Topics

  • AMERICANS
  • COVID-19
  • HEALTH
  • High Level Abstractions

  • AMERICANS(4, 0 Order)
  • ( AMERICANS )(4, 0 Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, WORKING-CLASS )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, UNEMPLOYMENT )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, LESS-EDUCATED )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, ECONOMIC )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, COVID-19 )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, UNITED_STATES )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, THREE-YEAR )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( AMERICANS, PRIME-AGE )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • COVID-19(2, 0 Order)
  • ( COVID-19 )(2, 0 Order)  top
  • HEALTH(4, 0 Order)
  • ( HEALTH )(4, 0 Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, WORKERS )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, RISK )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, LESS-EDUCATED )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME )(3, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, LESS-EDUCATED )(2, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, COVID-19 )(2, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, AMERICANS )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, WORKERS )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, WEALTH )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, VIRUS )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, INCOME, STRATIFIED )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, COVID-19 )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, COLLEGE )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, AMERICANS )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( HEALTH, WEALTH )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • References

    • ( AMERICANS )  top
    • ( AMERICANS, WORKING-CLASS )  top
    • (Read more)   topBetween rising "deaths of despair" among working-class whites and higher COVID-19 mortality rates among African-Americans, the stunning secular decline in US life expectancy will continue.
      PRINCETON
    • (Read more)   top The fundamental cause of that epidemic, our analysis suggests, was not economic fluctuations, but rather the long-term loss of a way of life among white working-class Americans. Notably, deaths of despair were rising before the 2008 financial crisis and Great Recession, when US unemployment rose from 4.5% to 10%, and they continued to rise as unemployment gradually fell to 3.5% in the days before the pandemic
    • ( AMERICANS, UNEMPLOYMENT )  top
    • (Read more)   top ... that epidemic, our analysis suggests, was not economic fluctuations, but rather the long-term loss of a way of life among white working-class Americans. Notably, deaths of despair were rising before the 2008 financial crisis and Great Recession, when US unemployment rose from 4.5% to 10%, and they continued to rise as unemployment gradually fell to 3.5% in the days before the pandemic
    • ( AMERICANS, LESS-EDUCATED )  top
    • (Read more)   top At the same time, college graduates. earnings premium over those without a degree has risen to an astonishing 80%. With less-educated Americans becoming increasingly less likely to have jobs, the share of prime-age men in the labor force has trended downward for decades, as has the labor-force participation rate for women since 2000.
      Educated Americans are pulling away from...
    • ( AMERICANS, ECONOMIC )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Behind these mortality figures are equally gloomy economic data.
    • (Read more)   top The fundamental cause of that epidemic, our analysis suggests, was not economic fluctuations, but rather the long-term loss of a way of life among white working-class Americans. Notably, deaths of despair were rising before the 2008 financial crisis and Great Recession, when US unemployment rose from 4.5% to 10%, and they continued...
    • ( AMERICANS, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   topBetween rising "deaths of despair" among working-class whites and higher COVID-19 mortality rates among African-Americans, the stunning secular decline in US life expectancy will continue.
      PRINCETON
    • ( AMERICANS, UNITED_STATES )  top
    • (Read more)   top. Well before COVID-19 struck, there was another epidemic running rampant in the United States, killing more Americans in 2018 than the coronavirus has killed so far. What we call .deaths of despair. deaths by suicide, alcohol-related liver disease, and drug overdose
    • ( AMERICANS, THREE-YEAR )  top
    • (Read more)   topLife expectancy at birth for all Americans fell between 2014 and 2017. That was the first three-year drop in life expectancy since the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918-19; with two epidemics now raging at once, life expectancy is set to fall again.
      Behind these mortality figures are equally gloomy economic data
    • ( AMERICANS, PRIME-AGE )  top
    • (Read more)   top earnings premium over those without a degree has risen to an astonishing 80%. With less-educated Americans becoming increasingly less likely to have jobs, the share of prime-age men in the labor force has trended downward for decades, as has the labor-force participation rate for women since 2000.
      Educated Americans are pulling away from the less-educated majority not only in terms of income, but also in health outcomes
    • ( COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   top... CASE ANGUS DEATON America finds itself in the grips of two epidemics, each of which has exposed deep inequalities across races and levels of educational attainment. Between rising "deaths of despair" among working-class whites and higher COVID-19 mortality rates among African-Americans, the stunning secular decline in US life expectancy will continue. PRINCETON
    • (Read more)   top A great divergence in lifespans across the world gave way to a great convergence. But the US has been experiencing a great divergence at home for two generations, and COVID-19 promises to widen the country.s already vast inequalities in health and income. The effects of the virus are stratified by educational attainment, because those with more education are likelier to be able to continue working and earning from home
    • ( HEALTH )  top
    • ( HEALTH, WORKERS )  top
    • (Read more)   topUnless they are among the highly educated workers in health care and other front-line sectors, they can sit back and watch the stock market propel the value of their retirement funds ever higher.
      By contrast, the two-thirds of workers who lack a four-year college degree are either nonessential,...
    • (Read more)   top Whereas college graduates have largely been able to safeguard both their health and their wealth, less-educated workers must risk one or the other.
      For this reason, the income and longevity gaps that the trend in deaths of despair has revealed are now widening further
    • ( HEALTH, RISK )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      By contrast, the two-thirds of workers who lack a four-year college degree are either nonessential, and thus risk losing their earnings, or essential, and thus at risk of infection.
    • (Read more)   top Whereas college graduates have largely been able to safeguard both their health and their wealth, less-educated workers must risk one or the other.
      For this reason, the income and longevity gaps that the trend in deaths of despair has revealed are now widening further
    • ( HEALTH, LESS-EDUCATED )  top
    • (Read more)   top With less-educated Americans becoming increasingly less likely to have jobs, the share of prime-age men in the labor force has trended downward for decades, as has the labor-force participation rate for women since 2000.
      Educated Americans are pulling away from...
    • (Read more)   top Whereas college graduates have largely been able to safeguard both their health and their wealth, less-educated workers must risk one or the other.
      For this reason, the income and longevity gaps that the trend in deaths of despair has revealed are now widening further
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME )  top
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, LESS-EDUCATED )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( HEALTH , LESS-EDUCATED )
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Such was the US on the eve of the COVID-19 pandemic.
    • (Read more)   top
      But the US has been experiencing a great divergence at home for two generations, and COVID-19 promises to widen the country.s already vast inequalities in health and income. The effects of the virus are stratified by educational attainment, because those with more education are likelier to be able to continue working and earning from home
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, AMERICANS )  top
    • (Read more)   top With less-educated Americans becoming increasingly less likely to have jobs, the share of prime-age men in the labor force has trended downward for decades, as has the labor-force participation rate for women since 2000.
      Educated Americans are pulling away from the less-educated...
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, WORKERS )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( HEALTH , WORKERS )
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, WEALTH )  top
    • (Read more)   top Whereas college graduates have largely been able to safeguard both their health and their wealth, less-educated workers must risk one or the other.
      For this reason, the income and longevity gaps that the trend in deaths of despair has revealed are now widening further
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, VIRUS )  top
    • (Read more)   top. The effects of the virus are stratified by educational attainment, because those with more education are likelier to be able to continue working and earning from home
    • ( HEALTH, INCOME, STRATIFIED )  top
    • (Read more)   top. The effects of the virus are stratified by educational attainment, because those with more education are likelier to be able to continue working and earning from home
    • ( HEALTH, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( HEALTH , INCOME , COVID-19 )
    • ( HEALTH, COLLEGE )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      By contrast, the two-thirds of workers who lack a four-year college degree are either nonessential, and thus risk losing their earnings, or essential, and thus at risk of infection.
    • (Read more)   top Whereas college graduates have largely been able to safeguard both their health and their wealth, less-educated workers must risk one or the other.
      For this reason, the income and longevity gaps that the trend in deaths of despair has revealed are now widening...
    • ( HEALTH, AMERICANS )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( HEALTH , INCOME , AMERICANS )
    • ( HEALTH, WEALTH )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( HEALTH , INCOME , WEALTH )