Key Focus

  • Like surfers looking out for the next big breaker before the first one has passed, epidemiologists and public-health officials in the United States are bracing themselves for a fresh surge of COVID-19 infections later this year. The fear is that this second wave will coincide with the peak of the 2020-21 U.S. influenza season, triggering a new flood of hospital patients in dire need of respiratory support.
    The fear is justified, based on what we know about coronaviruses and influenza


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High Level Topics

  • INFLUENZA
  • VACCINE
  • SARS-COV-2
  • High Level Abstractions

  • INFLUENZA(5, 0 Order)
  • ( INFLUENZA )(5, 0 Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FEAR )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, CORONAVIRUSES )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, UNITED_STATES )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, SARS-COV-2 )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, INFECTION )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19 )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COLD-CAUSING )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COINCIDE )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • VACCINE(3, 0 Order)
  • ( VACCINE )(3, 0 Order)  top
  • SARS-COV-2(3, 0 Order)
  • ( SARS-COV-2 )(3, 0 Order)  top
  • References

    • ( INFLUENZA )  top
    • ( INFLUENZA, FEAR )  top
    • (Read more)   top... next big breaker before the first one has passed, epidemiologists and public-health officials in the United States are bracing themselves for a fresh surge of COVID-19 infections later this year. The fear is that this second wave will coincide with the peak of the 2020-21 U.S. influenza season, triggering a new flood of hospital patients in dire need of respiratory support.
      The fear is...
    • ( INFLUENZA, CORONAVIRUSES )  top
    • (Read more)   top. What we infer is mostly based on the behavior of the four cold-causing coronaviruses that have been circulating in the U.S. since at least the 1960s, when they were first discovered.
      The seasonal appearance of these viruses closely resembles that of influenza, except that...
    • ( INFLUENZA, UNITED_STATES )  top
    • (Read more)   topLike surfers looking out for the next big breaker before the first one has passed, epidemiologists and public-health officials in the United States are bracing themselves for a fresh surge of COVID-19 infections later this year. The fear is that this second wave will coincide with the peak of the 2020-21 U.S. influenza season, triggering...
    • ( INFLUENZA, SARS-COV-2 )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Compared to influenza viruses, the behavior of SARS-CoV-2 is a much greater unknown. What we infer is mostly based on the behavior of the four cold-causing coronaviruses that have been circulating in the U.S. since at least the 1960s, when they were...
    • ( INFLUENZA, INFECTION )  top
    • (Read more)   topBut it will also depend on our own behavior and how readily we spread the infection to others.
      Compared to influenza viruses, the behavior of SARS-CoV-2 is a much greater unknown
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   topLike surfers looking out for the next big breaker before the first one has passed, epidemiologists and public-health officials in the United States are bracing themselves for a fresh surge of COVID-19 infections later this year. The fear is that this second wave will coincide with the peak of the 2020-21 U.S. influenza season, triggering a new flood of hospital patients in dire need of respiratory...
    • ( INFLUENZA, COLD-CAUSING )  top
    • (Read more)   top. What we infer is mostly based on the behavior of the four cold-causing coronaviruses that have been circulating in the U.S. since at least the 1960s, when they were first discovered.
      The seasonal appearance of these viruses closely resembles that of influenza,...
    • ( INFLUENZA, COINCIDE )  top
    • (Read more)   top... one has passed, epidemiologists and public-health officials in the United States are bracing themselves for a fresh surge of COVID-19 infections later this year. The fear is that this second wave will coincide with the peak of the 2020-21 U.S. influenza season, triggering a new flood of hospital patients in dire need of respiratory support.
      The fear is justified, based on what we know about...
    • ( VACCINE )  top
    • (Read more)   top ... up triage tents in parking lots, restricting visits by friends and family, and canceling elective surgeries. The severity of the 2020-21 influenza season will therefore depend on how well our vaccine matches the strain of the virus, and on the particular strain itself. But it will also depend on our own behavior and how readily we spread the infection to others. Compared to influenza viruses,...
    • (Read more)   top... viruses that are seasonal in temperate climates and maintain a near-constant (albeit lower) infection rate in the tropics. With SARS-CoV-2 unlikely to disappear on its own, and absent an effective vaccine or prophylactic drug, the main factor influencing the magnitude of a second wave of infections is how well we control the epidemic between now and then. The number of people actively infected...
    • (Read more)   topIndeed, with strong support by governments, the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, and non-profit foundations, efforts to develop a vaccine and drugs that may block the virus's transmission have shifted into high gear in laboratories around the world. With seven vaccines and at least one drug with prophylactic potential currently...
    • ( SARS-COV-2 )  top
    • (Read more)   topBut it will also depend on our own behavior and how readily we spread the infection to others. Compared to influenza viruses, the behavior of SARS-CoV-2 is a much greater unknown. What we infer is mostly based on the behavior of the four cold-causing coronaviruses that have been circulating in the U.S. since at least the 1960s, when they were...
    • (Read more)   topAnd the mystery only deepens when we come to viruses that are seasonal in temperate climates and maintain a near-constant (albeit lower) infection rate in the tropics. With SARS-CoV-2 unlikely to disappear on its own, and absent an effective vaccine or prophylactic drug, the main factor influencing the magnitude of a second wave of infections is how well we control the epidemic between...
    • (Read more)   topAnd if a significant wave of influenza infections crashes down upon us at the same time, even more people will die. Having the medical means to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission would diminish the size and impact of a second COVID-19 wave. Indeed, with strong support by governments, the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, and non-profit foundations, efforts...