Key Focus

  • The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave," Ravina Kullar, an infectious-disease expert with the Infectious Diseases Society of America and adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles, told MarketWatch.
    A mutated strain would be a worst-case scenario for a second wave of SARS-CoV-2 this fall or winter.
    Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, World War I censorship buried or underplayed those reports.
  • The 2020 coronavirus and 1918 Spanish influenza pandemics share many similarities, but they also diverge on one
    "A major difference between Spanish flu and COVID-19 is the age distribution of fatalities," according to Deutsche Bank DB, +4.40%.


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High Level Topics

  • INFLUENZA
  • FLU
  • VIRUS
  • High Level Abstractions

  • INFLUENZA(5, 0 Order)
  • ( INFLUENZA )(5, 0 Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU )(3, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, COVID-19 )(2, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, WUHAN )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, WORST-CASE )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, VACCINE )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, UNIVERSITY )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, SPAIN )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, SARS-COV-2 )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19 )(3, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, CORONAVIRUS )(2, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, WUHAN )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, WORST-CASE )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, WORLDWIDE )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, VICTIM )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, UNIVERSITY )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, WORLDWIDE )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, VIRUS )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, VACCINE )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, SARS-COV-2 )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, COUGHING )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( INFLUENZA, CORONAVIRUS )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • FLU(5, 0 Order)
  • ( FLU )(5, 0 Order)  top
  • ( FLU, COVID-19 )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( FLU, VIRUS )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( FLU, UNIVERSITY )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( FLU, RAVINA_KULLAR )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( FLU, H1N1 )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( FLU, CALIFORNIA )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( FLU, WUHAN )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • VIRUS(4, 0 Order)
  • ( VIRUS )(4, 0 Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE )(3, 1st Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, INFLUENZA )(2, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, VACCINE )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, TIREDNESS )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, SYSTEMS_SCIENCE )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, SWEATS )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, SARS-COV-2 )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, NON-PHARMACEUTICAL )(1, 2nd Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, COVID-19 )(2, 1st Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, COUGHING )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, VACCINE )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, TRADE-OFF )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • ( VIRUS, TIREDNESS )(1, 1st Order)  top
  • References

    • ( INFLUENZA )  top
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU )  top
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   topThe 2020 coronavirus and 1918 Spanish influenza pandemics share many similarities, but they also diverge on one
      "A major difference between Spanish flu and COVID-19 is the age distribution of fatalities," according to Deutsche Bank DB, +4.40%.
    • (Read more)   top
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, World War I censorship buried or underplayed those reports.
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, WUHAN )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, World War I censorship buried or underplayed those reports.
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, WORST-CASE )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      A mutated strain would be a worst-case scenario for a second wave of SARS-CoV-2 this fall or winter.
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's...
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, VACCINE )  top
    • (Read more)   top and ongoing research to
      develop a universal vaccine for influenza shows how tricky both influenza viruses and coronaviruses can be.
      'The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave.'
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, UNIVERSITY )  top
    • (Read more)   top "The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave," Ravina Kullar, an infectious-disease expert with the Infectious Diseases Society of America and adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles, told MarketWatch.
      A mutated strain would be a worst-case scenario for a second wave of SARS-CoV-2 this fall or winter.
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered...
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, SPAIN )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, World War I censorship buried or underplayed those reports
    • ( INFLUENZA, FLU, SARS-COV-2 )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      A mutated strain would be a worst-case scenario for a second wave of SARS-CoV-2 this fall or winter.
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in...
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19 )  top
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, CORONAVIRUS )  top
    • (Read more)   topThe 2020 coronavirus and 1918 Spanish influenza pandemics share many similarities, but they also diverge on one
      "A major difference between Spanish flu and COVID-19 is the age distribution of fatalities," according to Deutsche Bank DB, +4.40%
    • (Read more)   topThe disease had claimed at least 537,504 lives worldwide and 130,284 in the U.S.
      While COVID-19's progress has slowed in New York, where most cases in the U.S. are still centered, confirmed coronavirus cases have recently risen in nearly 40 U.S. states.
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea...
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, WUHAN )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, World War I censorship buried or underplayed those reports. "It is essential to consider the deep connections between the Great War and the influenza pandemic not simply as concurrent or consecutive crises, but more deeply intertwined," historian James Harris...
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, WORST-CASE )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , FLU , WORST-CASE )
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, WORLDWIDE )  top
    • (Read more)   topThe disease had claimed at least 537,504 lives worldwide and 130,284 in the U.S.
      While COVID-19's progress has slowed in New York, where most cases in the U.S. are still centered, confirmed coronavirus cases have recently risen in nearly 40 U.S. states.
      There are...
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, VICTIM )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      Doctors and members of the public, as of now, were spooked by how otherwise strong, healthy people fell victim to the 1918 influenza.
    • ( INFLUENZA, COVID-19, UNIVERSITY )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , FLU , UNIVERSITY )
    • ( INFLUENZA, WORLDWIDE )  top
    • (Read more)   top "With no vaccine to protect against influenza infection and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections that can be associated with influenza infections, control efforts worldwide were limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions."
      COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, had infected nearly 11.6 million people globally and 2.9 million in the U.S. as of Monday evening, adding more than 156,000...
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , COVID-19 , WORLDWIDE )
    • ( INFLUENZA, VIRUS )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, had infected nearly 11.6 million people globally and 2.9 million in the U.S. as of Monday evening, adding more than 156,000 confirmed cases from Thursday evening to Sunday evening of the July Fourth holiday, according to...
    • (Read more)   top They can both be spread through respiratory droplets from coughing and sneezing, but they come from two different virus families. and ongoing research to
      develop a universal vaccine for influenza shows how tricky both influenza viruses and coronaviruses can be.
      'The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave.'
    • ( INFLUENZA, VACCINE )  top
    • (Read more)   top The high mortality in healthy people, including those in the 20-40 year age group, was a unique feature of this pandemic," the CDC said. "With no vaccine to protect against influenza infection and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections that can be associated with influenza infections, control efforts worldwide were limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions."
      COVID-19, the...
    • (Read more)   top
      develop a universal vaccine for influenza shows how tricky both influenza viruses and coronaviruses can be.
      'The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave.'
    • ( INFLUENZA, SARS-COV-2 )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, had infected nearly 11.6 million people globally and 2.9 million in the U.S. as of Monday evening, adding more than 156,000 confirmed cases from Thursday evening to Sunday evening of the July Fourth holiday, according to official figures...
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , FLU , SARS-COV-2 )
    • ( INFLUENZA, COUGHING )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases.
    • (Read more)   top They can both be spread through respiratory droplets from coughing and sneezing, but they come from two different virus families. and ongoing research to
      develop a universal vaccine for influenza shows how tricky both influenza viruses and coronaviruses can be.
      'The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave...
    • ( INFLUENZA, CORONAVIRUS )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , COVID-19 , CORONAVIRUS )
    • ( FLU )  top
    • ( FLU, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   topThe 2020 coronavirus and 1918 Spanish influenza pandemics share many similarities, but they also diverge on one
      "A major difference between Spanish flu and COVID-19 is the age distribution of fatalities," according to Deutsche Bank DB, +4.40%. "For COVID-19, the elderly have been overwhelmingly the worst hit
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , FLU , COVID-19 )
    • ( FLU, VIRUS )  top
    • (Read more)   top"This offered historical support to the argument that there wasn't such a big trade-off between economic activity and public health, because you needed to suppress the virus to enable consumers to be more confident and for businesses to operate as normal."
      Some 500 million people, or one-third of the world's population, became infected with the 1918 Spanish flu
    • (Read more)   top "It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of avian origin," the agency added.
      During the 1918 flu pandemic, "mortality was high in people younger than 5 years old, 20-40 years old, and 65 years and older
    • ( FLU, UNIVERSITY )  top
    • (Read more)   top. Ravina Kullar, an adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles
      Historians believe that a more virulent influenza strain hit during a hard three months in 1918 and was spread by troops moving through Europe during the First World War
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , FLU , UNIVERSITY )
    • ( FLU, RAVINA_KULLAR )  top
    • (Read more)   top. Ravina Kullar, an adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles
      Historians believe that a more virulent influenza strain hit during a hard three months in 1918 and was spread by troops moving through Europe during the First World War
    • (Read more)   top "The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave," Ravina Kullar, an infectious-disease expert with the Infectious Diseases Society of America and adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles, told MarketWatch.
      A mutated strain would be a worst-case scenario for a second wave of SARS-CoV-2...
    • ( FLU, H1N1 )  top
    • (Read more)   top "It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of avian origin," the agency added.
      During the 1918 flu pandemic, "mortality was high in people younger than 5 years old, 20-40 years old, and 65 years and older
    • (Read more)   top
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France, the U.K. But similar to the Communist Party's response to the first cases of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, World War I censorship buried or underplayed those reports
    • ( FLU, CALIFORNIA )  top
    • (Read more)   top. Ravina Kullar, an adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles
      Historians
      believe that a more virulent influenza strain hit during a hard three months in 1918 and was spread by troops moving through Europe during the First World War
    • (Read more)   top "The 1918 Spanish flu's second wave was even more devastating than the first wave," Ravina Kullar, an infectious-disease expert with the Infectious Diseases Society of America and adjunct faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles, told MarketWatch.
      A mutated strain would be a worst-case scenario for a second wave of SARS-CoV-2 this fall or winter.
      Though the 1918 pandemic is forever associated with Spain, this strain of H1N1 was discovered earlier in Germany, France,...
    • ( FLU, WUHAN )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , FLU , WUHAN )
    • ( VIRUS )  top
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE )  top
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, INFLUENZA )  top
    • (Read more)   top "With no vaccine to protect against influenza infection and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections that can be associated with influenza infections, control efforts worldwide were limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions."
      COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus...
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, VACCINE )  top
    • (Read more)   top "With no vaccine to protect against influenza infection and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections that can be associated with influenza infections, control efforts worldwide were limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions."
      COVID-19, the...
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, TIREDNESS )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases.
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, SYSTEMS_SCIENCE )  top
    • (Read more)   top ... 2.9 million in the U.S. as of Monday evening, adding more than 156,000 confirmed cases from Thursday evening to Sunday evening of the July Fourth holiday, according to official figures collated by Johns Hopkins University's Center for Systems Science and Engineering.
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, SWEATS )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases.
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, SARS-COV-2 )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( INFLUENZA , SARS-COV-2 )
    • ( VIRUS, WORLDWIDE, NON-PHARMACEUTICAL )  top
    • (Read more)   top "With no vaccine to protect against influenza infection and no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections that can be associated with influenza infections, control efforts worldwide were limited to non-pharmaceutical interventions."
      COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, had infected nearly 11.6 million people globally and 2.9 million in the U.S. as of Monday evening, adding more than 156,000 confirmed cases from Thursday...
    • ( VIRUS, COVID-19 )  top
    • (Read more)   topA remarkable difference to Covid-19."
      Francis Yared,
      the global head of rates research at Deutsche Bank, said the overall mortality rate measured by weekly new deaths and weekly new cases is around one-third of the level observed in the second half of April.
      "So we have an interesting situation...
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases
    • ( VIRUS, COUGHING )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases.
      Like all viruses, neither is treatable with antibiotics
    • ( VIRUS, VACCINE )  top
    • (Read more)   topSee ( VIRUS , WORLDWIDE , VACCINE )
    • ( VIRUS, TRADE-OFF )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      There wasn't such a big trade-off between economic activity and public health during the 1918 Spanish flu, because you needed to suppress the virus to enable consumers to be more confident and for businesses to operate as normal
    • ( VIRUS, TIREDNESS )  top
    • (Read more)   top
      There are also some similarities between influenza and COVID-19, including their nearly identical symptoms: fever, coughing, night sweats, body aches, tiredness, and nausea and diarrhea in the most severe cases.
      Like all viruses, neither is treatable with antibiotics. They can both be spread through respiratory droplets from coughing and sneezing, but they come from two different virus families